Six Core Elements (SCE) Qi Gong.
In Chu Sau Lei (CSL) Wing Chun, the SCE system is the foundation of our Qi Gong training. The SCE is not a mystical concept that you will only learn after 10 years of training. On the contrary, you will learn the basic concepts and drills on the first day of your training. We teach simple techniques to relax your mind and body, deep breathing and how to coordinate these elements when you practice your Wing Chun techniques, forms, chi sao etc. It is the template which teaches the “internal” structure of Wing Chun. The platform to train the first four (4) Core Elements is Siu Nim Tao, Wing Chun’s first form. The application, 5th and 6th Core Element is in Chi Sao (Sticky Hands).
Why is it important to learn SCE? It is important because every martial art or sport requires you to develop the right body type; for instance, the body of a tennis player is different from the body of a weightlifter. The SCE allows you to develop your body progressively so that you can eventually use your strength and momentum to maximize your performance as a Wing Chun practitioner.
The SCE method teaches you how to develop the right body type for learning Chinese Internal Martial Arts.
The objective of SCE training is to develop the:
- 1) body 2) mind, 3) breath 4 qi(energy) 5) strength and 6) momentum element.
The first four (4) elements are the Qi Gong elements which, when practised properly, makes you healthier physically, mentally and spiritually and prepares your body for the 5th and 6thelements. The 5th and 6th elements are the application elements, meaning you can apply them in combat by making use of your strength and momentum.
You must practise them progressively as each element will go on to affect the next one.
For instance, if your body is tense, your mind and breath cannot relax and it will go on to affect your ability to control your strength and momentum.
The first stage of learning SCE is to develop and integrate the body, mind and breath.
1st Core Element: Body (loose body, physical shape, position and structure)
- Develop a relaxed body and proper structure (shape) of all techniques and stances.
2nd Core Element: Mind (calm mind, intention and focus)
- The mind can only reinforce and focus on their intended action(s) when one has developed their body (the 1st core element) properly.
3rd Core Element: Breathing (Natural breathing, integrate breathing 1st and 2nd Core Element)
- After developing the first 2 elements, developing proper breathing techniques will slow down your nervous system and this will have a profound effect on your mind, further slowing down your heart rate and brain waves.
4th Core Element: Energy (Qi, central nervous system)
- Qi or energy is the life force of a person. When you have integrated the first three (3) Core Elements, Qi will emerge naturally. During this phase of one’s training, you want to stabilise, develop and being able to direct your energy.
5th and 6th Core Element: Strength and Momentum
The second phase of SCE training is the application training, where we train the strength and momentum element.
- In the strength element, we learn “Jin” short power (energy type strength) and “Li” long (body type strength).
- The momentum element is all about fighting concepts and strategies such as footwork and application of Wing Chun fighting strategies in the four combat zones (long fist, sticky hands, stick body and ground).
This was a short introduction into SCE Qi Gong. It is a very concept for learning CSL Wing Chun. SCE is a roadmap and concept that will enhance your overall learning experience and progress in Wing Chun and your daily life.