Wing Chun Singapore Lesson 6: Defending the gates.

//Wing Chun Singapore Lesson 6: Defending the gates.

Wing Chun Singapore Lesson 6: Defending the gates.

Introduction to Wing Chun gates

This lesson is about defending the gates. What are the gates? This term is used in martial arts to describe the zones, areas or “gates” of the human body that you can attack, control or defend.

There are various definitions of the gates, in this post we use the most basic the “four gates” definition. Imagine you “cut “the human body into four areas or gates:  the centre line and a horizontal line at sternum level. Here you go, you have four (4) gates: (2) upper gates, (2) lower gates, and a centre line.

Wing Chun Singapore Lesson 6: defend the gates

The gates

Defending the gates.

Let’s talk about defence first. There are many defensive techniques but they are not all created equal. Ideally you don’t want to take any impact and have both hands free to counter. Given the situation however that is not always possible then you have to settle for lesser options. For instance, in a fast pace and dynamic exchange blocks are often your best or only option.  So in order of “best” to “worst” case.

 

Hierarchy of defensive techniques.

  1. Evasion – most ideal. Both hands are free to counter.
  2. Intercept – You stop the attack before it develops.
  3. Re-direct – Connect with the income force and re-direct. Safe and no impact.
  4. Block – Works in most instances but you have to take some of the incoming impact.

Based on this we developed the following two approaches to defending the gates.

Self – defense version

 Gates  Attack  Defense 
Upper outside gate L/R Wide hook punch Biu Sao
Upper Centre Line Spring punch Pak Sao
Upper Centre Line Bouncing punch Fook or Lan Sao
Lower outside gate L/R Wide hook punch Gan Sao
Lower Centre Line Body punch Jum Sao

Gloves version

Gates Attack Defense 
Upper outside gate L/R Wide hook punch Tan Sao cover
Upper Centre Line Spring punch Pak Sao
Upper Centre Line Bouncing punch Fook or Lan Sao
Lower outside gate L/R Wide hook punch Elbow cover
Lower Centre Line Body punch Jum Sao

As you see from the tables above, the only difference between the two approaches is how we defend the outside gates. We use Biu and Gan Sao in the self-defense version and absorb the impact with Tan Sao and our elbows in the gloves version.

Practice drills

In training the students should get comfortable with the different gates and learn to apply the correct techniques. Defend the gates one by one, painting by the numbers. The next stage we mixed it up with some drills.

There are two drills we often practice in class: the wall drill and the sparring defensive drill. You can train them with gloves (boxing or MMA gloves) or without gloves.  In the wall drill the student stands with his back against the wall and defends the gates. He is not allowed use his footwork. In the sparring drill both students use footwork.

They are excellent practice for students to deal with punching pressure and defending the gates.

That’s it folks! Happy training and don’t forget to defend your gates.

We hope you find this post, Wing Chun Singapore Lesson 6: Defending the gates useful.

As always feel free to share and like this post, drop me a message if you have any comments or questions.

Regards,

Steven Wang

Head coach Chu Sau Lei Wing Chun Singapore

By |2016-06-11T07:37:07+00:00June 11th, 2016|Wing Chun Lessons|0 Comments

About the Author:

Steven Wang
Steven is the head instructor at Chu Sau Lei Wing Chun Singapore school.

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